Impact of 5G on Diverse Sectors

Impact of 5G on Diverse Sectors

Impact of 5G on Diverse Sectors

On the impact of 5G technologies, the President noted it cuts across every sector of the economy, including enhanced connectivity, improved healthcare, support for education while fostering smart cities, and boosting agriculture and security if properly leveraged upon.

Given Nigeria’s notable absence from previous industrial revolutions, the impact of the present fourth industrial revolution, which is viewed as a period of technological growth, should not be overlooked. Missing out on 5G opportunity will be a significant developmental problem for the country, which it may not be able to overcome in the coming years. Below is an overview that the 5G technology will positively impact:

  1. Health Sector

Remote surgeries all around the world: 5G has a lot of potential in the mobile health industry. It will allow surgeons to do surgery remotely from anywhere on the planet. Huawei and Fujian Medical University in China have already developed and tested such technology, with a sixty-minute surgery being performed from 50 kilometres distant via live signal transmission using 5G network technology.

The surgery has involved a robot controlled over the network with accompanying live video streams. Both the control link and the video streams were entirely transmitted via 5G technology. The low latency, high speed and wide bandwidth of 5G made it possible. The high-quality live video stream enabled the surgeons to both visualize and perform the surgery.

  1. Transportation

Internet of Things will be used for traffic control, fleet management, remote vehicle diagnostics and even remote control of vehicles to gather, process and respond to information rapidly in real-time.

  1. Agriculture

In this sector, sensors will monitor soil, plant conditions, and deploy unnamed agricultural equipment, water sprinklers or drones carrying seeds, fertilizer or insecticides as required.

  1. Business/Commerce

The 5G technology will enhance business intelligence, big data analytics, supply chain management, process automation, augment inventory management, customer tracking and engagement, consumer data gathering and customer self-service.

  1. Security

5G will enhance public safety: public safety has always been a priority in modern society and monitoring vast or remote regions has always been challenging but with a full-featured 5G network, security systems will enter a new era of communication.  Security systems will be equipped with millions of sensors that can locate emergencies with real-time data, thus enabling timely decisions. 5G networks will play a key role in modern safety systems.

  1. Industrial Automation

Mature 5G technology will enhance industrial automation more than ever. Industrial operations are changing, and robotic elements are increasing widely across many industries. As a result, more robust and efficient networks are needed. Also, the impact of 5G on cobotics, racking systems and production systems will revolutionize industrial automation.

  1. Law Practice

The 5G technology will improve electronic legal research, increasingly, varying forms of case management software, electronic filing, virtual trial. With today’s 5G technology, we are intentionally on the road to the capability for and actuality of virtual trials, virtual courtrooms, and virtual courthouses. Virtual trial will aid speedy administration of justice and save cost for the government.

Modern case management requires systems that help courthouse personnel manage the flow of cases. With 5G technology, there will be different applications that will enable lawyers to to send pleadings electronically to the court and dispatch copies to all other necessary parties.

Legal research is a critical component of any lawyer’s practice, and it is increasingly unthinkable that lawyers in this tech-driven world could function successfully without access to electronic legal materials. Access to electronic legal materials has changed the nature of law practice. It has created virtual law libraries and, through on-line access, has hastened the advent of the virtual law office, one which exists wherever the lawyer may happen to be. With the aid of 5G technology, applications will be created to enable counsel and judge have immediate electronic access to nearly all legal authorities.

Furthermore, witness testimony is a critical component in most trials, and virtual trial is not possible without that capability. The exponentially greater speed and capacity of 5G networks will increase productivity by allowing much more data to be transferred at much greater speeds across greater distances than on previous networks.

Videoconferencing for remote witness hearing will be of commonplace in our trials. Videoconferencing permits relatively inexpensive, twoway, high-quality remote testimony from anywhere in the world. The remote hearing of witnesses will save cost for the government by , protect the witnesses/inmates For instance, the prison inmates don’t need to be transported to court every time and there are instances their vehicles are attacked, with different videoconferencing applications, the court can take their testimony from their different location)

New technology also brings growing trends in the profession. Intellectual property litigation, cyberlaw and data privacy litigation. Regarding IP law, everyone is rushing to be 5G compactible, and as a result, Internet of Thing providers will be tempted to use stolen intellectual property which will certainly lead to disputes.

Also, there will be a flood gate of cases stemming from huge data dumps being carelessly stored in the cloud and hacked or otherwise exposed. This is nothing new, but the high powered data processing is now available to everyone. 5G have the potential to touch virtually every major legal practice area including banking and finance, labour relations, international trade and everything in between.

As 5G gains traction, legal assistance will be required to address new liability and regulatory considerations for activities suddenly made possible by 5G. Example is the issue of liability in the case of an accident for self-driven cars.

The 5G technology is also expected to fuel Merger & Acquisition across a wide range of industries as companies undergo strategic mergers to capitalize on this growth. The impact will be felt in areas as diverse as real estate investment trusts that operate the fibre optics and cell towers in the networks, to industries that can use 5G’s improved machine-to-machine communications for autonomous vehicles operations in remote locations.

The 5G technology will foster client-lawyer relationship because prospective clients can search online for reputable law firms and particularly those specializing in the legal services they require. This can be made possible when law firms create websites with detailed information about their services.

Client counselling can also be done online via social media outlets such as facebook, whatsapp amongst others. The use of 5G technology will give room for more applications that can host clear client videoconferencing from any part of the world and at the convenience of the parties.

Finally, the 5G technology will help the practice of law in Nigeria by facilitating such daily office practices in a law firm. Clients can fill in electronic logs to register their presence in the office, they can schedule appointments online and receive payments from clients.

Challenges of 5G Technology

Communication, Navigation and sensing: These services largely depend upon the availability of radio spectrum, through which signals are transmitted. Though 5G technology has strong computational power to process the huge volume of data coming from different and distinct sources, but it needs larger infrastructure support.

Privacy and security: this is one of the most important challenges that 5G needs to ensure the protection of personal data. 5G will have to define the uncertainties related to security threats including trust, privacy, cybersecurity, which are growing across the globe.

Like any data-driven technology, the 5G rollout will have to contend with both standard and sophisticated cybersecurity threats. Though 5G falls under the Authentication and Key Agreement (AKA), a system designed to establish trust between networks, it would currently be possible to track people nearby using their phones or even eavesdrop on live phone calls.

Much like it is now, the onus will be on the carriers and network consortiums to provide a digital safety net for customers.

Public health

5G technology raises certain public health concerns. The health effects of radiofrequency radiation have been the subject of numerous studies, with mixed results. However, there is little data on the impact of 5G technology in the specific case of individuals who may be exposed to a higher concentration of radiofrequency energy due to the greater number of antennas that will be used.

Inadequate Legal and Regulatory Framework

Cost of installing the 5G is not cheap.


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